Lesson 1: Explanation



An explanation of the preceding conversation
Text in this color indicates literal meanings.
For the sake of comprehension, literal meanings are not always translated word-for-word.
Kul fest, va? Nice party, huh?
Kul
means fun. It can also be used to mean nice in this sense.
Va is short for vad (what).
Ja, det är det. Yes, it is. (That it is.).
Vi jobbar tillsammans. We work together.
The verb to work is att jobba.
When there is a subject (I, you, he, she, it, we, they) the verb gets an r:
Jag jobbar (I work or I am working).

This is one of the more common things to neglect, even for advanced learners, so make a special note of it.
Är du också lärare? Are you also a teacher? (Are you also teacher?)
Professions don't get an article (a teacher).
Ja, det är jag. Yes, I am. (Yes, that am I.)
Kommer du från Stockholm? Are you from Stockholm? (Come you from Stockholm?)
Nej, jag är faktiskt inte svensk. No, I'm actually not a Swedish. (I am actually not Swede.)
Like professions, nationalities don't get an article, either.
Är det sant? Really? (Is it true?)
Det är spännande! That's exciting!
Spännande (exciting) is very commonly used, even for things you might find much less than exciting.
Hur länge har du varit i Sverige?
Jag har varit här i nästan tre månader.
How long have you been in Sweden?
I have been here for almost 3 months.

The perfect tenses (have lived, has been, had seen) are very similar to English, though many English speakers learning Swedish note that they are more common in Swedish.
Men du pratar så bra svenska! But you speak such good Swedish!
There are several words for speak or talk in Swedish. Prata is standard and neutral.
Det är en liten stad. It is a small town.
Stad comes from the German word Stadt. It can mean either town or city, but not village. Village is by.
Du då? How about you? (You then?)

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